These texts often offer researchers compelling arguments from not just one scholar but many, providing students with a great wealth of knowledge and insight to a particular subject. In-Text Citations List the authors' names directly in the text or the parenthetical citation. Lewis, Rice and Jones contend that citing a source with multiple authors is not difficult List the authors' names in the parenthetical citation.
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APA American Psychological Association style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. For more information, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed. APA style has a series of important rules on using author names as part of the author-date system.
There are additional rules for citing indirect sources, electronic sources, and sources without page numbers. Name both authors in the signal phrase or in parentheses each time you cite the work. Research by Wegener and Petty supports List all the authors in the signal phrase or in parentheses the first time you cite the source.
Six or More Authors: If the work does not have an author, cite the source by its title in the signal phrase or use the first word or two in the parentheses. Titles of books and reports are italicized; titles of articles, chapters, and web pages are in quotation marks. A similar study was done of students learning to format research papers "Using APA," In the reference list, use the name Anonymous as the author.
Organization as an Author: If the author is an organization or a government agency, mention the organization in the signal phrase or in the parenthetical citation the first time you cite the source. According to the American Psychological AssociationIf the organization has a well-known abbreviation, include the abbreviation in brackets the first time the source is cited and then use only the abbreviation in later citations.
When your parenthetical citation includes two or more works, order them the same way they appear in the reference list viz. To prevent confusion, use first initials with the last names. If you have two sources by the same author in the same year, use lower-case letters a, b, c with the year to order the entries in the reference list.
Use the lower-case letters with the year in the in-text citation. Research by Berndt a illustrated that Introductions, Prefaces, Forewords, and Afterwords: When citing an Introduction, Preface, Foreword, or Afterword in-text, cite the appropriate author and year as usual.
Do not include personal communication in the reference list. Robbins, personal communication, January 4, Smith also claimed that many of her students had difficulties with APA style personal communication, November 3, Citing Indirect Sources If you use a source that was cited in another source, name the original source in your signal phrase.
List the secondary source in your reference list and include the secondary source in the parentheses. When citing material in parentheses, set off the citation with a comma, as above. Also, try to locate the original material and cite the original source. Electronic Sources If possible, cite an electronic document the same as any other document by using the author-date style.
Unknown Author and Unknown Date: If no author or date is given, use the title in your signal phrase or the first word or two of the title in the parentheses and use the abbreviation "n. Another study of students and research decisions discovered that students succeeded with tutoring "Tutoring and APA," n.
Sources Without Page Numbers When an electronic source lacks page numbers, you should try to include information that will help readers find the passage being cited. When an electronic document has numbered paragraphs, use the abbreviation "para. If the paragraphs are not numbered and the document includes headings, provide the appropriate heading and specify the paragraph under that heading.
Note that in some electronic sources, like webpages, people can use the "find" function in their browser to locate any passages you cite. According to SmithMind over Matter section, para. Never use the page numbers of webpages you print out; different computers print webpages with different pagination.The APA citing format you use for books can vary depending upon the number of authors that are listed.
If a book has just one author, simply provide the author’s last name followed by the publication date. Citing an Author or Authors A Work by Two Authors: Name both authors in the signal phrase or in the parentheses each time you cite the work.
Use the word "and" between the authors' names within the text and use the ampersand in the parentheses. Aug 29, · When citing an essay, you include information in two places: in the body of your paper and in the Works Cited that comes after it.
The Works Cited is just a bibliography: you list all the sources you used to write the paper%(4). If you are citing a source that has multiple authors, follow these basic steps.
2 Authors: Always cite both authors' names in-text everytime you reference them.
Oct 04, · Distinguish in-text between multiple sources by the same author. In the Reference List, you will list multiple essays by the same author alphabetically by the first major word of the title. The first essay will be considered "a," the second "b," and so on%(6).
Aug 28, · I'm writing a research essay, and for one of my sources, I need to cite multiple authors. I know how to do this in the works cited sheet, but not in the actual essay.
When citing one author, I know how to format it (Likethis ).Status: Resolved.