These are external links and will open in a new window Close share panel A chronology of key events - King Anawrahta founds the first unified Myanmar state at Pagan and adopts Theravada Buddhism. Myanmar's key religious site Said to date back 2, years Restored in Jewellery donated for gold roof - Mongols under Kublai Khan conquer Pagan. Independence - Burma becomes independent with U Nu as prime minister. One-party, military-led state - U Nu's faction ousted in military coup led by Gen Ne Win, who abolishes the federal system and inaugurates "the Burmese Way to Socialism" - nationalising the economy, forming a single-party state with the Socialist Programme Party as the sole political party, and banning independent newspapers.
See Article History Alternative Titles: Nay Pyi Taw was proclaimed the capital of Myanmar in Myanmar Sule pagodaSule pagoda, in the centre of Yangon, Myanmar. The country is bordered by China to the north and northeast, Laos to the east, Thailand to the southeast, the Andaman Sea and Bay of Bengal to the south and southwest, Bangladesh to the west, and India to the northwest.
Its total length from north to south is about 1, miles 2, kmand its width at the widest part, across the centre of the country at about the latitude of the city of Mandalayis approximately miles km from east to west.
MyanmarPhysical features of Myanmar. The mountain ranges generally run from north to south. The country as a whole can be divided into five physiographic regions—the northern mountains, the western ranges, the eastern plateau, the central basin and lowlands, and the coastal plains.
Pagan, MyanmarBuddhist temples in Pagan, Myanmar.
Nov 08, · Burma was a key strategic objective for the Japanese for two reasons. First, the Burmese city of Lashio was the southern terminus of the Burma Road, the main resupply route for Chinese during the Sino-Japanese War. Myanmar, also called Burma, country, located in the western portion of mainland Southeast timberdesignmag.com the country’s official English name, which it had held since , was changed from the Union of Burma to the Union of Myanmar; in the Burmese language the country has been known as Myanma (or, more precisely, Mranma Prañ) since the . A chronology of key events in the history of Myanmar (Burma) A chronology of key events in the history of Myanmar (Burma) - Toungoo dynasty, with Portuguese help, reunites country as Burma.
In terms of plate tectonicsthis knot marks the northeastern limit of the encroaching Indian-Australian Plate, which has been colliding with the southern edge of the Eurasian Plate for roughly the past 50 million years and thrusting up the mountain ranges of Myanmar and beyond.
The upper courses of these rivers all flow through deep gorges within a short distance of each other, separated by steep, sheer peaks. The western ranges traverse the entire western side of Myanmar, from the northern mountains to the southern tip of the Rakhine Arakan Peninsula, where they run under the sea and reappear as the Indian territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Their average elevation is about 6, feet 1, metresalthough some peaks rise to 10, feet 3, metres or higher.
The mountains consist of old crystalline rocks surrounded by hard, tightly folded sedimentary rocks on either side. To the south of these are the Rakhine Mountains Arakan Mountainswhich lie entirely within Myanmar and separate the coastal strip from the central basin.
The Shan Plateau to the east rises abruptly from the central basin, often in a single step of some 2, feet metres. Occupying the eastern half of the country, it is deeply dissected, with an average elevation of about 3, feet metres. The plateau was formed during the Mesozoic Era about to 65 million years ago and thus is a much older feature than the western mountains, but the plateau also shows more-recent and intensive folding, with north-south longitudinal ranges rising steeply to elevations of 6, to 8, feet 1, to 2, metres above the plateau surface.
Northward, the plateau merges into the northern mountains, and southward it continues into the Dawna Range and the peninsular Tenasserim Mountains Tanintharyi Mountainseach a series of parallel ranges with narrow valleys.
The central basin and lowlands, lying between the Rakhine Mountains and the Shan Plateau, are structurally connected with the folding of the western ranges. The basin was deeply excavated by the predecessors of the Irrawaddy, Chindwinand Sittang rivers; the valleys are now occupied by these rivers, which cover the ancient soft sandstones, shales, and clays with alluvial deposits.
In the deltaic regions formed by the Irrawaddy and Sittang rivers, the landscape is absolutely flat, and the monotony is relieved only by a few blocks of erosion-resistant rocks that are never more than 60 feet 18 metres high. The basin is divided into two unequal parts, the larger Irrawaddy valley and the smaller Sittang valley, by the Bago Mountains.
In the centre of the basin and structurally connected with the Bago Mountains and their northern extension is a line of extinct volcanoes with small crater lakes and eroded cones, the largest being Popa Hillat 4, feet 1, metres.
Popa Hill, in the Pegu Mountains, Myanmar Joe Cummings The coastal areas consist of the narrow Rakhine and Tenasserim plains, which are backed by the high ranges of the Rakhine and Tenasserim mountains and are fringed with numerous islands of varying sizes.
Flowing entirely through Myanmar, it is navigable for nearly 1, miles 1, km.
At the apex of its deltathe Irrawaddy breaks up into a vast network of streams and empties into the Andaman Sea through multiple mouths. Its great tributary, the Chindwin, drains the western region. The Sittang flows into the Gulf of Martaban of the Andaman Sea, and, for a comparatively short river, it has a large valley and delta.
It is deeply entrenched and crosses the plateau in a series of deep gorges. Many of its tributaries are more than miles km long and join the Salween in cascades. The Rakhine coastal plains are drained by short, rapid streams, which, after forming broad deltas, flow into the Bay of Bengal.
The Tenasserim plains also are drained by short and rapid rivers, which enter the Gulf of Martaban. Boat on the Irrawaddy River, Myanmar Burma. Indawgyi Lake, in the northern hills, runs some 15 miles 24 km from north to south and 8 miles 13 km from east to west; it is one of the largest natural inland lakes of Southeast Asia.
Somewhat smaller is Inle Lakestretching about 14 miles 22 km from north to south and 7 miles 11 km from east to west, on the Shan Plateau. Inle Lake is fed by dozens of streams. Inle Lake, near Taunggyi, Myanmar Burma.
The lowland regions are covered with alluvial soils—mainly silt and clay. Low in nutrients and organic matter, they are improved by fertilizers.Colonial historians of Burma claimed that its earliest civilizations had been founded under Indian influence and could not date back much beyond CE.
However, recent research indicates that civilization in Burma’s Irawaddy valley is very old – 3, years ago its inhabitants were farming rice.
Nov 08, · Burma was a key strategic objective for the Japanese for two reasons. First, the Burmese city of Lashio was the southern terminus of the Burma Road, the main resupply route for Chinese during the Sino-Japanese War.
The history of Myanmar (also known as Burma) covers the period from the time of first-known human settlements 13, years ago to the present day. The earliest inhabitants of recorded history were a Tibeto-Burman-speaking people who established the Pyu city-states ranged as far south as Pyay and adopted Theravada Buddhism.
Myanmar (Burma) is known for its chased silver vessels heavily decorated with figures and floral patterns in relief, related to the south Indian svamin work.
The use of gold and silver vessels for domestic purposes was denied to all but those of royal blood. Myanmar (English pronunciation below; Burmese:), officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia. Myanmar is bordered by India and Bangladesh to its west, Thailand and Laos to its east and China to its north and northeast.
More information about Burma is available on the Burma Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet. U.S.-BURMA RELATIONS The United States supports a peaceful, prosperous, and democratic .