Brief cognitive behaviour therapy Brief Therapies Series. Six or more authors List all author names for up to and including seven authors.
The death rate among the Indigenous population was more than twice the death rate for the total Australian population. The infant mortality rate for Indigenous Australians 11 deaths per 1, live births was twice the infant mortality rate for all Australians 5. Indigenous people were more than three times more likely to report some form of diabetes than non-Indigenous Australians.
This rate has improved since when Indigenous unemployment was CDEP is not available to all Indigenous peoples. Indigenous unemployment rates rise significantly if participants in CDEP are counted as unemployed.
Nationally, the imprisonment rate for Indigenous adults at June was approximately 15 times that for non-Indigenous adults. Western Australia recorded the highest imprisonment rate for Indigenous people 2, Indigenous persons perIndigenous people followed by New South Wales at approximately 2, perIndigenous youth aged 10 to 17 years were Although Indigenous people are now less likely to die in police custody compared to 20 years ago, they are more likely to die in prison custody.
From67 Indigenous people died in police custody and 39 in prison custody. From21 Indigenous people died in police custody and 93 in prison custody. Of the 69 deaths, 14 were Indigenous people. Accurate statistics about the incidence of violence against women in Indigenous communities are scarce.
However, research suggests that Indigenous women and children are more than 45 times more likely to be victims of domestic violence and more than 8 times more likely to be victims of homicide.
Do Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples get special treatment from the government? Generally, Indigenous people receive the same level of public benefits mabo case essay help non-Indigenous people.
Individuals do not get extra funding because they are Indigenous. However, specific government programs, not additional income, have been introduced for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples because they are the most economically and socially disadvantaged group in Australia.
Special programs are necessary to help overcome disadvantage. Examples of programs specifically designed to meet Indigenous needs include: Aboriginal Medical Services and Aboriginal Legal Services - provide cost-free medical and legal services. The Indigenous Employment Programme - provides flexible financial assistance to help create employment and training opportunities for Indigenous people in the private sector.
The Indigenous Education Strategic Initiatives Programme IESIP - provides supplementary funding to pre-schools, schools and vocational education and training providers to help improve educational outcomes for Indigenous students. These programs supplement those available to the mainstream population.
They are necessary because Indigenous people do not generally use mainstream services at the same rate as non-Indigenous people and because the level of Indigenous disadvantage is much more severe. Medical and legal services for low income and migrant communities are also available in Australia.
Details of spending on Indigenous education, health and housing. The higher expenditure is a result of various factors including location delivering education in rural and remote locations is more expensive and lower than average income for Indigenous people which leads to a greater average need for assistance to students.
However, given the comparatively poor health indicators for Indigenous people, public expenditure on health services for Indigenous people was similar to that for non-Indigenous people in low income groups.
The difference in health expenditure on Indigenous and non-Indigenous people reflects differences in income level, health status and cost of delivering health services to remote communities.
While Indigenous people are more likely to use state-funded health services hospitals and community health servicesIndigenous people are low users of the major Commonwealth-funded health programs such as Medicare and the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme.
The difference in John Deeble's and Access Economics' figure is because the latter is based on a greater estimate of Indigenous health needs. What are the new arrangements for the administration of Indigenous affairs introduced by the Federal Government in ?
In Aprilthe Federal Government announced the introduction of new arrangements for administering Indigenous affairs from 1 July The Federal Government established the following bodies to administer Indigenous Affairs: The Ministerial Taskforce on Indigenous Affairs - comprised of government ministers who set the direction for the Federal Government's approach to Indigenous affairs; The Secretaries Group on Indigenous Affairs - comprised of heads of federal government departments and reports to the Ministerial Taskforce; The National Indigenous Council - a Government appointed Board of Indigenous people to advise Government.
It is not intended to be representative or to perform the role previously held by ATSIC; The Office of Indigenous Policy Coordination - located in the Department of Immigration, Multiculturalism and Indigenous Affairs, it coordinates federal government activity on Indigenous affairs; and Indigenous Coordination Centres - 27 regionally-based offices which engage with Indigenous communities at the local level to coordinate government service delivery to communities.
The new approach is based on a process of negotiating agreements with Indigenous families and communities at the local level 'Shared Responsibility Agreements' and setting priorities at the regional level 'Regional Participation Agreements'.
Central to this negotiation process is the concept of mutual obligation or reciprocity for service delivery. It was made up of a national Board and Regional Councils whose membership was elected by Indigenous people every three years. ATSIC was established in and was the main organisation responsible for: Developing programs for Indigenous people supplementary to mainstream programs and services.
Monitoring how government agencies provide services to Indigenous people.Graham Frederick Richardson (27 September ), a former Australian politician, was a Senator for New South Wales from –94 for the Australian Labor Party, a senior minister in Hawke and Keating governments, and is now a political lobbyist, public speaker, and media commentator.
During his time in politics, Richardson was often referred to as a right-wing power broker.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples are the first inhabitants of Australia. Old definitions based on skin colour or percentages of 'Aboriginal blood' have been replaced by modern definitions which stress ancestry and identification as the key to Aboriginal identity.
The Mabo cases are some of the most well known cases in the Australian legal system, this paper will focus on the Mabo v. Queensland, a case that was. Have exemplar essays to contribute. ways to end an argumentative essay should essay for in the time of the butterflies steps to writing a successful essay, p and g animal research paper essay rating scale speech sounds octavia butler essays scientific research paper thesis statement organization theory essay organization theory .
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