The History Learning Site, 17 Mar The desired outcome for the meeting was unity within the Protestant world so that it presented a united front to the Catholic Church. Philip of Hesse wanted to unify all the leading Protestants because he believed that as a divided entity they were vulnerable to Charles V.
From sygkretizein not from sygkerannynai. An explanation is given by Plutarch in a small work on brotherly love "Opera Moralia", ed. He there tells how the Cretans were often engaged in quarrels among themselves, but became immediately reconciled when an external enemy approached.
Later, when the term came to be referred to sygkerannynai, it was inaccurately employed to designate the mixture of dissimilar or incompatible things or ideas. This inexact use continues to some extent even today. In the East the intermixture of the civilizations of different nations began at a very early period.
The foreign deities were identified with the native e. After the Romans had conquered the Greeks, the victors, as is known, succumbed to the culture of the vanquished, and the ancient Roman religion became completely hellenized.
Later the Romans gradually received all the religions of the peoples whom they subdued, so that Rome became the "temple of the whole world". Syncretism reached its culmination in the third century A. The countless cults of the Roman Empire were regarded as unessential forms of the same thing—a view which doubtless strengthened the tendency towards Monotheism.
Heliogabalus even sought to combine Christianity and Judaism with his religion, Marburg colloquy cult of the sun-god. As regards the Old Testamentthe Chanaanite myth, the EgyptianOld Babylonianand Persian religions are regarded as the sources of Israelitic religion, the latter itself having developed from Fetichism and Animism into Henotheism and Monotheism.
That Judaism and Christianity agree with other religions in many of their external forms and ideasis true ; many religious ideas are common to all mankind.
The points of agreement between the Babylonian religions and the Jewish. In many cases the agreement can be shown to be merely in form, not in content; in others it is doubtful which religion contained the original and which borrowed. As to the special doctrines of the Bible search has been vainly made for sources from which they might have been derived.
Catholic theology holds firmly to revelation and to the foundation of Christianity by Jesus of Nazareth.
It lasted from to Calixt, a professor in Helmstedt, had through his travels in EnglandHollandItalyand Francethrough his acquaintance with the different Churches and their representatives, and through his extensive study, acquired a more friendly attitude towards the different religious bodies than was then usual among the majority of Lutheran theologians.
While the latter firmly adhered to the "pure doctrine", Calixt was not disposed to regard doctrine as the one thing necessary in order to be a Christianwhile in doctrine itself he did not regard everything as equally certain and important. Consequently, he advocated unity between those who were in agreement concerning the fundamental minimum, with liberty as to all less fundamental points.
In regard to Catholicismhe was prepared as Melanchthon once was to concede to the pope a primacy human in origin, and he also admitted that the Mass might be called a sacrifice.
His chief opponent was Abraham Calov. The Elector of Saxony was for political reasons an opponent of the Reformed Church, because the other two secular electors Palatine and Brandenburg were "reformed", and were getting more and more the advantage of him.
In he sent to the three dukes of Brunswickwho maintained Helmstedt as their common universitya communication in which he voices all the objections of his Lutheran professors, and complains that Calixt wished to extract the elements of truth from all religionsfuse all into an entirely new religion, and so provoke a violent schism.
In Calov was called to Wittenberg as professor, and he signalized his entrance into office with a vehement attack on the Syncretists in Helmstedt.
An outburst of polemical writings followed. In the dukes of Brunswick answered the Elector of Saxony that the discord should not be allowed to increase, and proposed a meeting of the political councillors.Colloquy of Marburg, important debate on the Lord’s Supper held in Marburg, Germany, on October 1–4, , between the Reformers of Germany and Switzerland.
It was called because of a political situation. In response to a majority resolution against the Reformation by the second Diet of Speyer.
An explanation is given by Plutarch in a small work on brotherly love ('Opera Moralia', ed. Reiske, VII, ). He there tells how the Cretans were often engaged in quarrels among themselves, but became immediately reconciled when an external enemy approached.
Essay / On This Day Marburg Colloquy. by Fred Sanders on October 1, Today (October 1) was the first day of the Marburg Colloquy, a conference that attempted to bring together two streams of the brand-new Protestant movement.
The Marburg Colloquy was a meeting at Marburg Castle, Marburg, Hesse, Germany which attempted to solve a disputation between Martin Luther and Ulrich Zwingli over the Real Presence of Christ in the Eucharist. It took place between 1 . The transcript of the Marburg Colloquy (), in which Luther and Zwingli debated the presence of Christ in Holy Communion, is online.
Huldrych Zwingli or Ulrich Zwingli (1 January – 11 October ) was a leader of the Reformation in timberdesignmag.com during a time of emerging Swiss patriotism and increasing criticism of the Swiss mercenary system, he attended the University of Vienna and the University of Basel, a scholarly center of Renaissance timberdesignmag.com continued his studies while he served as a pastor in Glarus.