Imitation Imitation is an advanced behaviour whereby an animal observes and exactly replicates the behaviour of another. The National Institutes of Health reported that capuchin monkeys preferred the company of researchers who imitated them to that of researchers who did not. The monkeys not only spent more time with their imitators but also preferred to engage in a simple task with them even when provided with the option of performing the same task with a non-imitator.
Sixty-two sophomore students who enrolled in an online introductory programming course participated in the study.
An achievement test was used to put forward their learning performances. As a result, significant relationships between learning styles, study habits, and learning performances were revealed.
Definitions of learning style generally focus on ways of learning. It is considered as the behaviors related to the psychological, cognitive, and affective domains of interaction with learning environments. Because some learners tend to focus on facts, data, or procedures, engaging with theories and mathematical models is appropriate.
Some learners use visual information like pictures, diagrams, and simulations to understand better, while others can get more from oral and written information. In this context, Dunn and Dunn stated that students with different learning styles have distinct preferences during different instructional activities.
Thus, various models have been proposed by theoreticians and used by educators in order to measure learning styles, and various instruments have been used. The models have some components different from each other related to the extent that they may change over time for learners.
One of the widely used models in this area was developed by Gregorc and Butler which has four combinations of perceptual qualities and ordering abilities: In this model it is considered that each individual can be strong in one or two of the four styles.
As a contrast to GregorcFelder and Silverman did not consider learning styles to be constant. According to them, learning preferences may change due to the time and situation.
It includes four dimensions: Through four dimensions, Kolb determined four learning styles: For example, Jonassen and Grabowski in their study suggested that the LSI was more suited to having students explore their learning styles than to predicting their ability to succeed.
Terrell made a comparison of graduation rate by learning style of students. He found most of the students were either convergers or assimilators and the comparison was not statistically significant. They used the tool on a wide range of higher education students.
In this instrument they identified four distinct learning styles: Learning Styles in Distance Learning Some researchers focused on the learning styles of distance learners.
In this sense, Allen et al. Benbunan-Fich and Hiltz deemed it necessary to conduct research into the relationship among learning styles, the chosen mode of delivery, and student success.
In another study Liegle and Janicki investigated the effect of learning styles on the Internet navigation needs of web based learners, finding that students as explorers provided a higher number of visits to linked web pages, whereas observers tended to be more passive.
Also a few of the studies focused on academic performances and learning styles. Akdemir and Koszalkab determined the relationships between instructional strategies and learning styles in an online graduate level course. In another study, Popescu studied relationships between web-based educational systems and learning styles and found that accommodators benefited more than others in the learning process.
Also, Shaw found that different learning styles were associated with significantly different learning scores. In addition, Schellens and Valcke and Neuhauser did not find such relationships between learning style and learning performance in online learning. In one of those studies, Wang et al.
The results showed that both learning style and formative assessment strategy were significant factors affecting student achievement in a web-based learning environment. Students who used the online virtual lab were not significantly different from students of different learning styles.
Study habits includes a variety of activities: A wide variety of videos, images, animations, texts, audio, and so on can be shared and virtual presentation media can be created.Ethology is the scientific and objective study of animal behaviour, usually with a focus on behaviour under natural conditions, and viewing behaviour as an evolutionarily adaptive trait.
Behaviourism is a term that also describes the scientific and objective study of animal behaviour, usually referring to measured responses to stimuli or trained behavioural responses in a laboratory context.
Grace Fleming has a masters in education and is an academic advisor, college enrollment counselor, and freelance writer on study skills. Updated October 22, All students learn through a combination of seeing, hearing, and experiencing.
However, for most students, one learning style stands out. Maria Bielikova, Eelco Herder, Federica Cena and Michel Desmarais Adjunct Publication of the 25th Conference UMAP '17 Bratislava, Slovakia Adjunct Publication of the 25th Conference on User Modeling, Adaptation and Personalization - UMAP '17 User Modeling, Adaptation and Personalization ACM Press New York, New York, USA, ().
52 Chapter 3: Applying Learning Theories to Healthcare Practice OBJECTIVES After completing this chapter, the reader will be able to 1. Differentiate among the basic approaches to learning for each of the five learning theories.
Theories of Study Habits. effectively, one must have a good study habits. Study habits are the ways that you study- the habits that you have formed during your school years. Study habits include being organized, keeping good notes, reading your textbook, listening in class, and working everyday.
The guides to anthropological theories and approaches listed below have been prepared by graduate students of the University of Alabama under the direction of Dr.
Michael D. Murphy. As always,!Caveat Retis Viator! (Let the Net Traveller Beware!).