Yes, underground pipes delivering water to houses and ferrying sewage out are quite common. Every house in Spokane has them.
Gerben Bakker, University of Essex Introduction Like other major innovations such as the automobile, electricity, chemicals and the airplane, Technology in 1910s emerged in most Western countries at the same time.
As the first form of industrialized mass-entertainment, it was all-pervasive. From the s onwards, each year billions of cinema-tickets were sold and consumers who did not regularly visit the cinema became a minority. In Italy, today hardly significant in international entertainment, the film industry was the fourth-largest export industry before the First World War.
In the depression-struck U. Despite this economic significance, despite its rapid emergence and growth, despite its pronounced effect on the everyday life of consumers, and despite its importance as an early case of the industrialization of services, the economic history of the film industry has hardly been examined.
This article will limit itself exclusively to the economic development of the industry. It will discuss just a few countries, mainly the U. This entry cannot do justice to developments in each and every country, given the nature of an encyclopedia article.
This entry also limits itself to the evolution of the Western film industry, because it has been and still is the largest film industry in the world, in revenue terms, although this may well change in the future.
Before Cinema In the late eighteenth century most consumers enjoyed their entertainment in an informal, haphazard and often non-commercial way. When making a trip they could suddenly meet a roadside entertainer, and their villages were often visited by traveling showmen, clowns and troubadours.
Seasonal fairs attracted a large variety of musicians, magicians, dancers, fortune-tellers and sword-swallowers. Only a few large cities harbored legitimate theaters, strictly regulated by the local and national rulers. This world was torn apart in two stages.
First, most Western countries started to deregulate their entertainment industries, enabling many more entrepreneurs to enter the business and make far larger investments, for example in circuits of fixed stone theaters.
Most European countries followed during the nineteenth century. Britain, for example, deregulated in the mids, and France in the late s. The result of this was that commercial, formalized and standardized live entertainment emerged that destroyed a fair part of traditional entertainment.
The combined effect of liberalization, innovation and changes in business organization, made the industry grow rapidly throughout the nineteenth century, and integrated local and regional entertainment markets into national ones.
By the end of the nineteenth century, integrated national entertainment industries and markets maximized productivity attainable through process innovations.
Creative inputs, for example, circulated swiftly along the venues — often in dedicated trains — coordinated by centralized booking offices, maximizing capital and labor utilization. At the end of the nineteenth century, in the era of the second industrial revolution, falling working hours, rising disposable income, increasing urbanization, rapidly expanding transport networks and strong population growth resulted in a sharp rise in the demand for entertainment.
The effect of this boom was further rapid growth of live entertainment through process innovations. At the turn of the century, the production possibilities of the existing industry configuration were fully realized and further innovation within the existing live-entertainment industry could only increase productivity incrementally.
At this moment, in a second stage, cinema emerged and in its turn destroyed this world, by industrializing it into the modern world of automated, standardized, tradable mass-entertainment, integrating the national entertainment markets into an international one.
Technological Origins In the early s, Thomas Edison introduced the kinematograph, which enabled the shooting of films and their play-back in slot-coin machines for individual viewing.
Cinema reconfigured different technologies that all were available from the late s onwards:Oct 12, · The Decades That Invented the Future, Part 1: Today's leading-edge technology is headed straight for tomorrow's junk pile, but that doesn't make it any less awesome.
Everyone loves the. s: Technology in Demand. Timeline: Logging techniques took a leap forward with the introduction of the continuous-recording hand recorder, which enabled a continuous log of formation resistivity to be plotted while the sonde was withdrawn steadily from the hole. This was a big improvement on the pre-existing point-by-point system.
Petroleum engineering: Petroleum engineering, the branch of engineering that involves the design of processes and technologies that allow the development of crude oil and natural gas fields, as well as the technical analysis, computer modeling, and forecasting of their future production performance.
A construction project on old Main Street on North Monroe has turned up evidence of the pioneer past, including lengths of wooden water and sewer “pipes” used in the s.
Years Ago: The Amazing Technology of MORE; The dawn of promises more amazing developments in the world of technology. Already, tourists can visit space, for a price, nearly. Technology; Other; Toggle.
Entertainment Humor Lifestyle Sports Technology Other. 20 Influential Inventions from Janie April 13th Tech Here is a list of 20 inventions made in between and This was a good decade, from air conditioners to cornflakes to helicopters!
The s (pronounced "nineteen-tens", also abbreviated as the "teens") was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1, , and ended on December 31, The s represented the culmination of European militarism which had its beginnings during the second half of the 19th century. The s (pronounced "nineteen-tens", also abbreviated as the "teens") was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1, , and ended on December 31, The s represented the culmination of European militarism which had its beginnings during the second half of the 19th century. The conservative lifestyles during the first half of the decade, as well as the legacy of. Jul 14, · Road crews working on the rebuild of North Monroe unearthed something last week that was both very familiar yet strangely alien to modern eyes.
These inventions are either used to this day .