The field of study—putatively a science or discipline—of Public Administration focuses upon public administration as a process.
Consider this assertion in terms of his roles as the commander-in-chief of the Continental Army of the Revolution, the president of the Constitutional Convention and the first President of the United States of America. He received it on the twentieth and he started for Boston on the twenty-first.
It is clear that several factors led to his selection: Another factor of great importance, although not stressed or perhaps even acknowledged by many historians and commentators, was that his ideas in regard to British and colonial relations were well known and were representative of ideas shared by the delegates and those whom they represented.
They shared a common vision. First, he must win the war, no matter how long it took. Second, it was a war for independence, liberty. Third, the purpose of this independence from Great Britain was to establish a republican, constitutional government.
Being a republic, its form of government and its ruling officials would all be determined by the people. Washington, more than anyone else in that period, understood the full implication of these ideas in regard to all aspects of his functions as the military leader — strategy, operations, tactics.
I have already shown that Washington had the vision of an independent, republican, constitutional government controlled by a free people. He also envisioned this nation as contributing to the uplifting and happiness in the years, even centuries, to come of the whole world.
This vision is now being fulfilled as an increasing number of the nations of the world become democracies. As a visionary leader, Washington developed an organization with an organizational culture which achieved the goal of winning the war for independence.
This, as Washington well knew, would be just the first step in the founding of a republican, constitutional government. During the eight years of the American Revolution, General Washington spent far more time, thought and energy as the organizer and administrator of the military forces than he did as a military strategist and tactician.
As a visionary leader, Washington also attracted both military and civilians to follow him to victory. He faced the realities of short term enlistments, desertions, very poorly clad and equipped soldiers, recalcitrant congressional and state legislators and wavering loyalty to the Glorious Cause among the populace.
Yet enough soldiers and civilians so trusted him, believed in him, loved him that they stayed with him and his ideas. Three pivotal episodes illustrate this charismatic appeal. After the Christmas day battle at Trenton after the crossing of the Delaware, many of the soldiers were ready to leave because their enlistments were up.
Washington urgently appealed to them to step forward and stay with him in this noble cause. Hesitantly at first, but then almost completely, the soldiers stepped forward because of their trust in and regard for Washington.
In that moment, he saved the army and the revolutionary cause. The battle at Monmouth, New Jersey in also revealed his charismatic leadership and his genius as a battlefield tactician. There was a conspiratorial movement among many officers because they had not been paid and recognized adequately for their years of sacrifice.
Washington appealed to their reason but it was probably due as much to their emotional ties to him that, after his dramatic meeting with them, they affirmed their loyalty to the Cause and dropped all conspiratorial intentions.On one island, the increased cost of privatized energy has forced people who cannot afford the electricity to return to traditional oil lamps.
Low-income women especially have been impacted from structural adjustment programs, which have cut governmental provisions on health, education, and food.
Does Welty include the salesman's death in order to represent an unrealistic wish that industrialization in the south will fail, or does she actually foresee failure in the modernization of the south?
Having names matters to Piggy, because, just like the conch, it represents a system of rules and order.
It's not that Piggy benefits from his interest in names. No one calls Piggy by his rightful name (we never even learn it). But the conch does benefit him. Without rules and order, people like Piggy get squashed—literally.
In addition, as Lieutenant General Honoré points out in his May 1, , letter to you (attached), the title of the draft GAO report is misleading in that it does not recognize DoD’s extensive planning and exercise schedule prior to August 29, ” (p.
48). The Impossible Will Take a Little While: A Citizen's Guide to Hope in a Time of Fear, a book by Paul Rogat Loeb. Does Pipher’s essay make you feel you can do something in situations like this, or on climate change in general?
To what extent do you feel you look outward and/or consider yourself an activist?
What would help you look. The American Dream [Bloom's Literary Themes] Uploaded by Ra'ad Abd-Aun. She orders everyone to take a glass and drink to “satisfaction,” which they all do as the play ends. mrs. Barker represents a third response to the existential vacuum.
that this sense of a newly created order in the new World is intrinsic to the American Dream.